The Arts & Crafts Movement
William Morris (1834-1896)
Writer, designer and central figure of the Arts & Crafts Movement. William Morris was a passionate socialist who wanted to improve the lives of the poor in Victorian England. Perhaps unrealistically, he believed that it was possible to accomplish this through a return to traditional craftsmanship, since he and his group blamed industrialisation and mechanisation for many of the social problems in England at that time.
he couldn't find satisfactory furnishings for the home he was having
built, The Red House, William Morris developed the idea of forming
a collective to produce such designs. He founded a company William
Morris & Co that manufactured tapestries, furniture and stained
The Red House epitomises all that the Arts & Crafts Movement represented. It was recently acquired by the National Trust and has been restored as a museum. I will feature The Red House in a demonstration Tutorial Presentation.
Some other prominent figures in the Arts & Crafts Movement included:
William De Morgan (1839-1917)
ceramicist who experimented and developed new techniques, borrowing
both stylistically and technically from the Near East. Much of his
work has a Moorish, Persian or oriental style. He
was a friend of William Morris and the major tile designer in the
Arts & Crafts Movement. He was also a painter of some note in
the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Jacquard woven wool doublecloth
by C.F.A. Voysey
Charles (C.F.A.) Voysey (1857-1941)
Architect and designer of furniture and furnishings.
finding it difficult to obtain work as an architect, Voysey took the
advice of his friend A. H. Mackmurdo and began to design textiles
and wallpapers. Many of these were produced by Liberty & Co (featured
in last week's page). Later on, Voysey returned to architecture and
furniture design. His Gothic Revival training as an architect always
showed in his work, which has a slightly austere and yet homely feel,
very indicative of the Arts & Crafts Movement.
John Ruskin (1819-1900)
artist and art critic who developed the ideas that Morris and his
followers applied in practice. He painted very traditional watercolours
himself, and disliked anything approaching Impressionism.
|If you fancy buying
some exact reproductions of William Morris designed furniture and furnishings
have a look at:
achome.co.uk or sanderson-online.co.uk/morrisandco/main.htm
is much in common between the Art & Crafts Movement and the Pre-Raphaelite
Brotherood, a society of artists whose works were also based upon
a nostalgic glorification of the past.
Some recommended online resources:
Contextual factors to consider:
Some key technical innovations:
Meanwhile, in Fine Art:
graphics, text and design: copyright retrokat.com 2001-4
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